Somali Culture – Family — Cultural Atlas
A Somali’s family Is the most important factor in their lives. When relatives depend on each other, they are the basis for people’s support networks. Ο ” family The same is true for “extended” relatives network. family members. Each family The “relative group” belongs to a wider tribe and su b-su b-tribe based on a common ancestor with other Somalians. All tribal relations are inherited by paternal systems. For this, refer to the “Social Structure / Clan System” of “Basic Concept”.
Somalia’s family is very collective and shared. For example, it looks like this. family And it is thought that local communities are responsible for childcare and raising children. Somalia children are generally and acceptable to be disciplined by other adults in a no n-parent community.
Family people often share resources and property so that they all together to meet their needs. Financially blessed relatives seem to be particularly responsible for supporting others. For example, those who live in Europe and the United States may give priority to retaineded. family In fact, remittances from Somalians living abroad to build their own savings, accounting for almost on e-quarter of Somalia’s household revenue. 1
Parents and elders are very respected in all fields of Somalia society. In particular, it is inappropriate for children to speak or abuse those who are older than themselves. Most people’s decisions are affected by their parents even when they grow up, especially women. old family Members are cared for retirement by children and grandchildren.
The basic household configuration is traditionally large and layered. It is common for a woman to move with her husband ” family At the time of marriage, traditional Somalia families are usually composed of three generations.
- Eldest couple
- The sons, the wives of the sons, and the unmarried daughters. When
- The grandchildren of the married sons.
Somalians who live in the town may hire a living housework worker to help women at home. About on e-fifth of the population of Somalia, my husband and wife live in a polygamy family with their own homes. 2
Up to 8 children. It is said that Somalia women have an average of six children in their lifetime. 3 It is rare to leave the parent before marriage, but some children
The man is the head of the household, but the woman in Somalia is the neck that helps direct the position of the head,” some Somalis say. 4 This shows that women, especially older women, have a great deal of influence in family life. Somali women are known as businessmen and entrepreneurs. They are often the main source of income for the family. The effects of war, inflation, drought, and male migration have made this a necessity. In the post-war period, the limited labor market has created more and more favorable conditions for women. Female households increased. It is estimated that 70% of her displaced households are female households (widows, abandoned children). Five
However, a woman’s independence and freedom to make her own choices depends on the attitudes of her husband and close male relatives. Participation in certain activities is also restricted by social customs and rules. For example, female sexual modesty is given particular importance, and female virginity (and sometimes female genital mutilation) is considered essential to marriage. As such, women traditionally have higher expectations of social conformity than men and are often viewed as particularly vulnerable objects to be protected. They are expected to show humility and avoid exposing their shame. the family By impeccable or immoral conduct. 6 The ideal female figure is expected to be devoted, gentle, and humble. In this respect, the attitude of male relatives towards women can be very paternal. In addition, due to armed conflicts and the rise of extremist groups, the degree of basic freedom differs from region to region.
custom of marriage
Dating customs (as understood in the English-speaking West) are few in Somalia. Today, many young Somali men and women may interact more often over mobile phones and electronic messages. However, unless you are married, it is considered inappropriate to date a person of the opposite sex alone. Exchanges between single men and women are limited to public places and community activities. If you really want to be intimate, you are expected to make it public. family about marriage
Marriage is both a religious obligation and a social necessity in Somalia.
It represents the bond between husband and wife and family. Before the civil war, intertribal marriages were very common. In some cases, new clan confederations were formed on the occasion of marriage. Somalis now prefer to get married in submarines. However, Somalis living abroad generally do not take this factor seriously.
Marriages are traditionally arranged, but each couple usually has the final say on whether to accept or put on hold a marriage proposal arranged by the family. Parents are also more likely to consider their children’s interests when matching is appropriate. After a man asks a woman
And so, the two families get together many times to discuss and announce their engagement. formally propose an engagement. male elders culture give a woman
The exact amount depends on the financial situation of the family, but is paid when the marriage promise (suryo) is made. bride family Then, this money is distributed among all the families and a ceremony of vows is performed. The bride’s dowry (Maher) is also declared and registered at the commitment ceremony. the family A bride is usually much younger than her husband. Women in rural areas and those of lower socio-economic status are more likely to marry at the age of 15 and not after the age of 21. Well-educated urban people get married at the age of 25, even if they wait until they graduate from university. According to UNICEF, 45% of women are married by the time she turns 18 (35% in urban areas, 52% in rural areas). 7 In general, men marry around her 30s and older. The reason for the gender age gap is that men are expected to support their wives financially. As such, men need to be fully independent and financially stable before they can get involved. family polygamy family In some parts of Somalia, polygamy is practiced, and a man can have up to four wives. However, having multiple wives is permitted only if each wife can be properly supported (for example, by providing a separate living room and kitchen). Polygamy is rare in urban areas.
Divorce is becoming more common in Somalia
Generally, it seems to be considered a last resort. However, the relationship can be terminated by either the husband or the wife. In general, children of divorced couples are raised by their mothers and their fathers provide financial support.